Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) <p>This proceedings series aims to publish proceedings from <strong>The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICoMSi)</strong>. This Proceeding is published annually in fields of multidisciplinary studies.</p> <p>The articles that were submitted to ICoMSi will be processed through a formatting review by the editor and a substantial review by an independent reviewers. The reviewing process is conducted by a double blind review. The reviewers are chosen by Scientific Committee. The decision regarding article publication is based on the review result.</p> <p>The articles published in this series' proceedings are immediately and always free to read, download, copy, and share. This series' proceedings are all open access. Every volume is released under the <strong>CC BY-SA 4.0</strong> user licence, which specifies the uses of its content by third parties that are allowed. The conference organisers cover the cost of each</p> en-US (Agung Hidayat) (Sylvatra Puspita Sari) Fri, 26 Apr 2024 09:16:15 +0000 OJS 60 The Concept of Halal Tourism in Setanggor Halal Tourism Village <p>Most of the poverty comes from the village, 55% of the poor in Indonesia are in the village. The village has the potential for natural and cultural resources to be developed into tourism which can improve the economy of the local community. The purpose of this study is to describe a halal tourism village that was developed by the people of Setanggor Village. This research was conducted using a qualitative approach with a case study in the Setanggor Halal Tourism Village. Data analysis was carried out from the results of interviews, observations and field documentation. The results of this study indicate that halal tourism villages have a need for tour packages, accommodation, food and drinks that are in accordance with Islamic law. One of the 3A concepts (Attractions, Accessibility and Amenities) is attractions, reciting the Quran beside the rice fields, tourists wearing polite clothes, providing halal food and drinks. This halal concept is an innovation in the development of a tourist village formed by the community and continues to be maintained so that it does not get rubbed between the culture and religion that the community adheres to.</p> Riski Amalia, Drajat Tri Kartono Kartono, Agung Wibowo Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Implementation of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) Practices for Sustainable Agriculture Development by Millennial Farmer in West Java Province (Case Study in Nudira Fresh, PT Nudira Sumber Daya Indonesia) <p>Climate change affects the decline and stagnation of agricultural production which can threaten food security and sustainability. Although the agricultural sector is vulnerable to climate change, it also plays a significant role in triggering climate change. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) practices on cherry tomatoes in Nudira Fresh are the millennial farmer's strategy in efforts to build sustainable agriculture, as well as with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to climate action. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) aims to: 1) increase agricultural productivity and income, 2) build agricultural adaptation and resilience to climate change, and 3) reduce and or eliminate greenhouse gas emissions. The purpose of the study is to explore the implementation of CSA by millennial farmers in Nudira Fresh. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative, with primary and secondary data collection. The research results show that the practice of cultivating cherry tomatoes in Nudira Fresh is based on an analysis of 3 pillars of CSA, including: 1) increasing productivity and income by cultivating various cherry tomatoes, 2) building plant adaptation and resilience to climate change by using greenhouses supported by plant management technology and growth control applications, and 3) reducing the contribution of greenhouse gas emissions by using growing media in the form of cocopeat.</p> Triya Ayu Retnaningtyas, Dwiningtyas Padmaningrum, Sapja Anantanyu Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Youth Participation in Global Development: A Lesson Learned from Local Volunteering in Semarang <p>The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which encourage engagement from a wide range of actors, represent the global framework's development path. However, the role of youth is rarely discussed, despite the fact that young people in Indonesia are in a strategic position to help attain the SDGs owing to the country's demographic advantage. This article seeks to explain the participation of young people in local volunteering in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia to support the achievement of global goals by using Cosmopolitanism as a theoretical framework. The research methodology in this article is qualitative, with data generated from primary data through surveys with youth volunteers in social projects as well as secondary data from policy briefs, websites and articles. The findings of this study demonstrate that young people's participation in achieving global development goals at the local level is based on their awareness that they are a part of the global community and have a responsibility to contribute to global goals.</p> Anjani Tri Fatharini, Palupi Anggraheni, Nurmaylia Ardinda Putri Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Regulation of Sales Tax Discounts on Luxury Goods (PPnBM) for Vehicles as a Leverage of Post-Covid19 Economic Growth In Indonesia <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has triggered a deceleration in economic growth. Many countries have to struggle with this recession, including Indonesia because the stop of all economic activities in order to save millions of lives from the threat of the virus. This research method used a normative juridical approach. As a result, the government's decision to implement a policy of offering sales tax breaks on luxury goods (PPnBM) for motorized cars has proven effective in promoting economic recovery and therefore ending Indonesia's recession. The policy was well-received since it met the needs of the community and connected industrial players. The key to a policy's success is conformity between the requirements of the community and the policies enacted.</p> Vicky Rizky Marvil, Anjar Sri Ciptorukmi Nugraheni Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Inheritance of Skill and Knowledge of Kamasan Painting as Part of Culture Preservation <p>This research aims to find out about the methods of inheriting skills and knowledge about kamasan painting art carried out by kamasan painting maestros and higher education. This research uses a qualitative descriptive approach. Research data were taken using interview techniques, observation, documentation and from literature studies. It should be noted that kamasan painting is a classical painting art that grows and develops in Kamasan Village, Klungkung Regency - Bali. Kamasan paintings have existed since ancient times and can be found in places of worship such as temples, as well as in the Klungkung Kingdom heritage site, Kertha Gosa. Kamasan painting has now been designated as an Intangible Cultural Heritage (WBTB) in 2015 by the Indonesian Government. The maestros of kamasan painting from the previous era to the present have thought and applied the right method as a way to maintain the art of kamasan painting to ensure that there is a next generation. In addition, higher education institutions are also involved in learning skills and knowledge about kamasan painting. It is certainly to preserve the art of kamasan painting that it still exists despite the changing times. The results showed that the families of kamasan painting maestros actively provide training and share knowledge related to kamasan painting to their internal families first. Then, they also share this knowledge with the community in their neighbourhood, and finally to people outside the neighbourhood who want to learn the art of kamasan painting. Finally, in higher education, learning about kamasan painting is also provided by incorporating kamasan painting into the curriculum of higher education in Bali.</p> Arief Hartanto, Genardi Atmadiredja Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Tangled Threads: Investigating Child Criminality, Social Equity, and Disrupted Families <p>This article delves into the intricate relationship between social justice, child criminality, and fragmented families. It explores how societal inequalities, limited opportunities, and disrupted families contribute to juvenile involvement in crime, aiming to shed light on solutions from a social justice perspective. Juveniles in the criminal justice system often hail from disadvantaged backgrounds with disrupted families. This study aims to dissect these connections and suggest strategies for breaking cycles of criminal behavior and family breakdown. Through qualitative interviews with juveniles engaged in criminal activities due to family disruption, this research captures nuanced narratives and unveils the intricate ties between family turmoil and criminal conduct. This study's significance lies in its potential to inform both academia and policy. By understanding the dynamics between social justice, child criminality, and fractured families, it offers insights for scholars, practitioners, and policymakers, contributing to equitable societies that prioritize children's rights.</p> Agustin Dwi Ria Mahardika, Firya Qurratu’ain Abisono Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 A New Perspective on 19th Century Style Heritage Buildings in Muntok, Indonesia: Reviewing the Craftsmanship of Chinese Builders <p>Research conducted during the era of the Dutch East Indies on the island of Java was the subject of great interest for scholars and researchers, leading to the neglect of the more remote areas. However, continuous efforts aimed at investigating the outer islands of Indonesia hold the promise of generating new and innovative insights. The cultural landscape of Muntok town is characterized by a unique blend of multicultural and European influences, particularly during the period of Dutch colonial rule. This resulted in the emergence of distinct "comfort zones" and "contact zones" among the construction workers. The application of the profound expertise and unwavering dedication of Chinese Builders (Constructor) in the construction of Mixed Indies style buildings in the Dutch East Indies was a prime exemplification of the significant influence of trans culturalism, furthermore, the presence of Chinese builders played a significant role in the development of the city, as they constructed and contributed to the creation of architectural structures that have received limited attention until now. The purpose of this article is to analyze the existing literature on the historical development of Chinese builders in Muntok, Indonesia, focusing specifically on their involvement during the 19th century. As a result, it aims to provide additional insights into the main subjects and research areas that are of interest to researchers. After providing a concise introduction to the historical context of Chinese laborers in Southeast Asia, the main focus of this scholarly article will be to thoroughly explore their active participation in the urban development of Muntok.</p> Novrizal Primayudha, Imam Santosa, Achmad Syarief, Achmad H. Destiarmand Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Social Capital and Power Structure in The Underground Economy of Pasar Maling in Malang City Indonesia <p>The underground economy phenomenon is a part of economic activities. Based on data from the Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Center in the second quarter of 2021, the estimated lost contribution of the underground economy to GDP ranges between 8.3% and 10%, or equivalent to more than IDR 4,175 trillion. If it continues, it can cause more significant state losses. This research aims to reveal social capital role, power structure, and strategy in overcoming the Pasar Maling underground economy. The research method is qualitative with phenomenological approach through unstructured interviews, using Nvivo12 to process data. It shows Pasar Maling has four main factors of social capital: trust, information, networks, and norms. The existence of social capital reinforces the domination of power structures in the internal community. The Pasar Maling takes place informally, so it has its own rules of the game. This market has a barrier to entry system, and only people of the same ethnicity can enter the market. It is evidenced by the dominance of non-governmental Madura’s ethnic community power that regulates the market. A win-win solution strategy as implementing parking concessions also proves education and business assistance can be some strategies for tackling the underground economy. In this research, the researcher only focuses on the market's internal perspective, which includes sellers and the surrounding community, to determine the role of social capital and power structures in Pasar Maling. In the research process, indications of the government's illegal position in the market can be investigated in future research. Furthermore, the authors hope this research can provide additional knowledge for readers and become a reference for further research.</p> Ni Made Rina Purnami, Alisya Dewi Kusumawardani, Amrita Puteri Wijaya, Ni Putu Ayu Finansya Saptarini, Privo Divanya Yuniar, Silvi Asna Prestianawati Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Strengthening Institutional Counseling For Regeneration of Young Farmers In Cianjur Regency <p>The role of extension institutions in supporting agricultural youth regeneration programs is currently not producing results as expected, so efforts need to be made to strengthen extension institutions that are built and developed to help farmers create a conducive learning climate, especially in supporting agricultural regeneration programs. The aim of this research is to determine the extent of institutional capacity at the sub-district level in supporting agricultural youth regeneration programs. This research was conducted in Cianjur Regency, West Java Province, the target of this research was young farmers who were members of farmer groups and gapoktan in the sub-district area, namely 115 samples. The research results show that the dynamics of extension institutions have a high level of dynamism, so it is necessary to strengthen the characteristics of extension institutions that are integrated with technical services by increasing institutional management support. The extension institution as the central node for coordinating extension activities needs to be supported with programs that are tailored to needs, and place field leaders who master and understand extension, and maintain the values and goals to continue fighting for farmers to achieve prosperity. As an important learning platform, it is also equipped with educational infrastructure support and the preparation of standard operating procedures, so that young agricultural farmers have the motivation and enthusiasm to increase their capacity through the knowledge and skills provided.</p> Wida Pradiana, Suwarto, Sapja Anantanyu, Suminah Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Study of KOH uses in the Dried Seaweed Processing Factory Eucheuma cottonii at Jumpai Beach, Bali by SWOT Analysis <p>Seaweed is a marine product which contains a good source of minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, proteins, carbohydrates, phytochemicals, dietary fibers. Indonesia is the world’s largest carrageenan seaweed producer. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) is widely used for extraction of Semi-Refined Carrageenan (SRC). SRC qualities and edible films developed can be significantly influenced by the concentration levels of KOH use in extraction. KOH treatment is also useful in the boiling process of <em>Eucheuma cottonii </em>to remove any matter except carrageenan and cellulose. This study aims to see how far KOH uses in the dried process of seaweed by quick screening test. The research was conducted at Jumpai Beach, Bali. The result shows the processing of <em>E. cottonii </em>in this factory uses ≥90% of KOH as a raw material (as evidenced by the numerous empty sacks of KOH 90% strewn around the site, as well as direct reports from workers. The average of a continuous concentration in different time of K+ detected were 1000 ppm or 1% and 939 ppm or 0.939%, while the concentration of other elements detected was Cl with an average of a continuous concentration in different time were 759.3 ppm or 0.759% and 581 ppm or 0.581%. This indicates that this factory waste contains KOH and has the potential to pol- lute the environment. Furthermore, this method is very energy intensive, harmful to the environment, highly hazardous for human and must be carried out with increased caution due to the concentrated alkali solutions. The researcher concluded that new method should be found by using SWOT analysis.</p> Riana Adhyaksari, Lita Tyesta ALW, Maryono Maryono Copyright (c) 2024 Proceeding of The International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (ICOMSI) Wed, 06 Mar 2024 00:00:00 +0000